Sustainable housing, Stockholm
A new urban district aims to minimize energy consumption, both now and into the future.
STOCKHOLM (SE) - Nowadays more and more cities are taking on the challenge of developing entire urban swathes in the name of sustainability, with the repurposing of former industrial and port areas being a prime target. Stockholm, already internationally recognized in this respect, has planned an entirely new and environmentally conscious development, including housing and a ferry terminal, and C.F. Møller Architects was recently named competition winner for both.
The Danish office's contribution to the residential side of the project involves a group of eighteen town houses, situated at the waterfront and densely staggered to maximize views and daylight. Elements such as solar panelling, heat and rainwater recovery systems, green roofs and the encouragement of biodiversity, among other aspects, will all play into earning the town houses recognition for sustainability through the entire building life cycle. One only wonders in this case about the price tag for such sustainable living. (Dutton R. Hauhart)
Hammarby Sjöstad in Stockholm is known worldwide as an exemplary example of how a port area can be transformed into a sustainable urban development. Now Stockholm is planning yet another high-profile environmental area called Norra Djurgårdsstaden. Here, C.F. Møller Architects has won the competition for a new ferry terminal as well as the competition for a housing development. The idea is that the ferry terminal for Stockholm's ferry connections to Finland and the Baltics will be a landmark for the entire sustainable development Norra Djurgårdsstaden, which is to be completed in 2025.
The aim is that the ferry terminal will be predominantly self-sufficient in energy, by integrating solar and wind power. For example, the terraced landscape on the roof will integrate beds of solar cells along with the planting. The plan is to communicate the sustainable efforts to the people in the building by using, for example, centrally placed television screens, helping to raise awareness of the potential of sustainable construction.
The town houses are a part of a large urban development project to transform a former industrial area on the harbour of Stockholm into the city's new high-profile environmental area called Norra Djurgaardsstaden. The eighteen houses will be neighbouring a former gasworks, which will be turned into a cultural centre, as well as Husarviken, which flows into the archipelago, and the Stockholm National City Park. The architecture is inspired by the gasworks’ red bricks and simple geometry, as well as by the area's green qualities.
The aim of the housing district is to adapt to global climate changes, so that in 2030 the district will no longer make use of fossil fuels, and thereby not contribute to the emission of CO2. The requirement in the building programme is that energy consumption of the living units must not exceed 55 kWh/m2/year, including a maximum of 15 kWh/m2/year used for electricity, but the aim of the project made by C.F. Møller Architects is to go even further.
Energy consumption will be minimized by means of the massing of the buildings, for example, the town houses are staggered in order to maximize views and daylight, and have dense constructions. Also contributing are solutions such as intelligent lighting, solar panels for heating, and heat recovery.
Characteristic for the town houses will also be green roofs with wild honeysuckle and herbs, which – along with a landscaped pond in the common yard – will collect rainwater, convert CO2, and provide a fertile ground for biodiversity. The sustainable approach is continuous throughout the building life cycle – from construction phase to operational phase and a possible later decomposition phase, i.e. Cradle to Cradle Design.
Wednesday | 13 October | 2010 | Sweden | C.F. Møller Architects